The darknet is a dynamic and shifting space.


Discover the size, languages, and traits of Tor, I2P, and ZeroNet with our new interactive visualization tool.


What Does the Darknet Look Like?

The darknet is a network built on top of the internet that is purposefully hidden, meaning it has been designed specifically for anonymity. Because of this, the darknet is sometimes perceived as a dark, shady corner of the internet. Map the Dark allows viewers to see and compare the most popular languages and topic classifications from the almost 72,000 darknet sites we've collected from the onion router (Tor), the Invisible Internet Project (I2P), and ZeroNet sources.

Having this breadth of darknet content at our disposal allows us to delve deeper into the types of content and statistics of the darknet. Map the Dark was created to offer a visual representation of what the darknet looks like today in a straightforward, interactive interface. 

Categorizing the Darknet

Our mission is to index the darknet wider and deeper than anyone else, and provide safe access to the data. We don’t try to selectively focus on any one area or one domain. Our crawlers intelligently and continually scrape and index darknet content, making DarkOwl Vision the largest database of darknet content in the world. 

We've discovered that most of the darknet is English-speaking services, but Russian (Cyrillic)-based services make up almost a quarter of the sites captured by the our crawlers. The other languages are 4% of the DarkOwl Vision database, but growing in numbers. Currently the next two most popular languages are French and German.

DarkOwl Vision uses natural language processing to categorize our darknet content in an effort to understand the shape and feel of its current and trending states. The most popular content topics in our latest dataset are counterfeiting, cryptocurrency, wikis, markets, carding, hacking, IT and computing, and drugs. We regularly perform a quantitative analysis to give us insight into whether we are successfully collecting relevant data, as well as improve our understanding of the networks and our collection methodologies.

For more information on the types of content on the darknet click here, or view our darknet glossary.


Map the Dark was produced by Sarah Prime and developed by Matthew Curtis, the team behind our Professional Tools interface, using daily metrics and statistics generated by the DarkOwl Vision data science team. Map the Dark was inspired by the works of Peter Beshai and Jim Vallandingham, with icons courtesy of Font Awesome. We’d also like to acknowledge Leah Meredith from marketing, and our IT and security teams for their support in publishing this to the world.